sanding techniques

Do you know how to pick the right sanding tool?

It’s me again. Are you enjoy the weekend? Last Saturday is the huge day with me. I got the big project in making a great boat to a frequenter. He wants a very sturdy and big boat so that he can use it for his fishing hobby. I was really exciting when receiving this project until I found there was problem in sanding step. Do you know what is it? Well, it wastes too much time. OMG. I spent more than 2 days and it still not finished. After all, I research and read the great belt sander reviews at page. Then I pick my Makita 9903 various speed dial belt sander, which made me feel really comfortable and happy because my trouble was solved as quickly as ever. So, here I want to show you guys some tips in picking the right sanding tool. And don’t miss it. It’s really useful!

–    What features make the good sanding machine?

I know there’re a lot of technical information to follow every time you find an electric tool. However, these are just the meaningless numbers. For me, the main and most essential point why selecting a machine is how it make you feel comfortable to use and how long is it durable.

Therefore, in choosing the good sanding machine, unlike others people, I usually look at the weight, the model and component. I understand that I need a very handy sander, which can easy to hold and operator.  The quick set up also big advantage. The component have to ensure this machine can last long for many years but not broken in several times. Because I know what I really need, so it doesn’t take much time from me. So, if you understand clearly which machine you are looking for, the choosing step will be simple than ever.

sanding support

                  Sanding support

–    What kind of job you can do with each sanding tool?

Because there is numerous model of sanding tool, you will want to know their function as well. I will share what I researched in last week. The sanding machine has 4 main classes and each of them provides the different benefits for users:

sanding techniques

+ Disc sander: this is the basic sanding tool you can found in every woodworking shop. It has the stationary form with the main abrasive part is the disc. This sander can solve almost woodworking job by provides the medium, stable speed and power. Its weakness is not strong enough for rough material and not mobility.

+ Belt sander: the belt sander is one of my favorite tools. It has unbelievable speed and power that can beat any of loaded. It provides two type: the portable and stationary for different demand. It absolutely can replace your old disc sander model with higher benefits. The only disadvantage of this sander is you have to have the certain skill in sanding because the high speed and powerful strength easily ruin you stock.

+ Orbital sander: this is the opposite side of the belt sander. The orbital sander is very lightweight and can solve the light surface with low speed and power. It makes sure to just remove the very enough and slightly on your materials surface without damage anything. The very good sanding tool for finishing the furniture.

+ Random- orbital sander: as same as the orbital sander, the random- orbital sander has handy and safe in sanding. The different point is it has round pad while the orbital sander has square pad. This is the combine in medium feature between belt sander and orbital sander. Not too strong, can solve anything in common, that what you can expect from this type of sander. Very safe choice for everyone.


HOME: Do the white thing – Absence of color adds pizazz

With Presidents’ Day being celebrated tomorrow, thoughts turn to the White House. If you want to live in your own white house, all it takes is a little American ingenuity.

White thing

White thing

White, typically relegated to walls and pillows, is classic and versatile: It works for any period of furniture and any taste. It gives a serene and sophisticated look to any room and an airy and architectural starkness to furnishings. And there are practical ways to enjoy the luxury of white without worrying about spills.


“White is tried and true but is also a trend,” said Susaw Harsch, Crate and Barrel store designer. “The cleanness and crispness is simple, and for a lot of people this is an economical way to have a coordinated look. Today we are going toward elegance in simplicity. It’s a trend that really works with people’s lifestyles.”


If you’d like to be white not wrong, how do you start and how can you keep your house from looking like a hospital room?


White paint


Art collector Ellie Groper of Brookline decided to paint all of her walls white. “It’s a good background for art,” she said. “You never get tired of white.”


Newton native Eileen Holcombe loves soft white walls because it shows up her collection of Quimper, a colorful French pottery. She says the light background reflects light from outside, giving a warm glow yet spacious feel.


Yolanda Cellucci, legendary Boston empress of couture, is a devotee of white. Her house and clothes are white, from top to bottom.


From her white marble floors to white marble pool and a custom-made roof of white slate, Yolanda is smitten with white: “Anything special is white.”


White, off-white and light-tinted shades account for about 85 percent of the sales at Johnson Paint Co. on Newbury Street, a 60-year-old premier paint store.


“White’s right because it goes with everything, bounces light around, is a very fresh clean look and makes the room looks bigger,” said proprietor Robert Johnson.


To keep a room from looking sterile, interior decorator Judy Sandler of Sandler Dick Associates recommends “using different shades of white and different textures.”


Sandler and her partner Ann Dick Tackeff glazed the walls of a library they designed with a French brush to add texture. They used three tones of white in the woodwork. Different shades of white were included in each groove of the moldings.


“You can also vary the different whites on moldings, wainscotting, chair rails, paneling, pilasters (columns) and recessed panels,” said Sandler.


Isn’t all white the same?


“No!” said Johnson. White paints usually have soft peach tints or a hint of yellow mixed in, he explained.


Even a plain white shade usually has a drop of blue, which bleaches out, and becomes “a fugitive, so that when the sun hits the paint, it stays whiter and doesn’t tend to yellow,”said Johnson. The most popular white shade at Johnson Paint Co. is Benjamin Moore’s Linen White.


White floor

White flooring

Eileen and Scott Holcombe had their kitchen floor pickled, a process in which a white stain is applied and then wiped off. The white pigment stays in the recessed grain of the wood, giving a mottled white effect.


Other options for white floors include painting an unfinished wooden floor a glossy opaque white.


For a more natural look, bleach the wood with a wood bleach. You can also stain wood white, resulting in a semi-opaque look that retains the texture of the wood.


Another way to create white floors is to use a white wax. A paste wax with white pigment is applied like regular wax then dried and buffed, giving subtle pickled effect with the durability of wax.


Other ways to create white floors include painting a harlequin pattern of white on white or trompe l’oiel rug on the floor.


White accents

White accents

White accents

The Holcombes wanted an all-white kitchen because it matched their accessories and dishes. They also can change the room’s look without having to redo the whole room.


Today most appliances, dishes and cutlery are available in white. From heavy bistro china to a more delicate porcelain, white can take you from lunch with a friend to a formal dinner with the boss in a flash.


Pandora Brewer, manager of Crate and Barrel in Faneuil Hall, said the store has a “plethora of white items, including collections of china that can be used for dinner or as accent pieces. Dishes don’t have to be purchased as sets; mugs and cereal bowls can be bought separately to integrate with existing china. Some white dishes come in a white-on-white pattern and can be mixed and matched.”


White wash

white wash

For the bathroom, Placewares has many accessories in white, including shower curtains, wastebaskets and bathmats, making white the easiest color with to decorate with.


Forget about fancy expensive soaps. The supermarket carries many white soaps. Unwrap them and place them in a glass or china bowl on the counter.


You’ll have no trouble finding white towels on sale at department stores or discount linen stores.


If your fixtures are chrome, consider adding chrome accents such as the soap dish, cup, waste basket and wire baskets from The Gap.


White dreams


From diaphanous white sheers that drape over a four-poster bed to an upholstered bed in white ultra suede, your bedroom can be the white place to sleep.


A dark mahogany bed with contrasting white sheets makes a crisp, smashing bedroom. White works with many other woods and decorative approaches.


Try blending white-on-white damasks, stripes, florals and solids.Use two sets of linens for each bed, in whites that can be coordinated. Or combine cream and white. Mix a white-striped contour sheet and pillowcases, with a solid white flat sheet.


Keeping white clean


Angels wear it. Brides wear it.


If you want to add white to your house but are afraid of white space turning black or brown, fear not. There are ways to keep white bright.


Cellucci has found a way to keep her white house pristine.


“When you come to my house, you get white slippers that you can take home. I have a white wicker basket filled with white slippers that everyone must wear, except when in the pool area or the dance floor downstairs.”


Although her three grandchildren visit often, Cellucci manages to keep her house spotless by “allowing the children to play in areas that are washable white, like white leather or white vinyl with a white stone floor that we can hose down.”


Her white plastic tables can be washed so the children can play on them without worry.


“We buy drinks for the kids that have lids with straws so that they don’t tip over,” said Cellucci. “That way we can use the house a lot and keep it white as the driven snow.”


Sandler said she sprays white upholstered furniture with stain repellent: “Then spills roll right off.”


For white wool rugs Sandler advises using “half vinegar and half water to take out a fruit stain.”


For white walls, Johnson said, “If you have children, do like my father did when we were kids. He painted everything high gloss oil paint so that it was easy to clean up.”


Johnson recommends using a mild detergent that’s not too abrasive,


What you need to get the perfect wood surface?

The wood furniture worth by the grain and origin. The perfect wooden have to get the perfect surface, nice and smooth. But, do you know the secret of a perfect wooden surface? It’s not a big thing like you imagine. Just a little tips and you get what you want. I have a secret, that a right sanding surface can helps you get the wonderful wood surface after painting and varnishing. This step is virtual important but usually dismiss ‘cause it’s really boring. But today, I will share a little secret you might feel exciting.

How to sanding correctly?

Whatever you want or not, there’s no doubt the sanding process requires a lot of skill and techniques. Not much people understand how to sanding and smooth the wood surface. What about you? Do you know all these following things?

+ Choose the right tool

+ Choose the right grit of sandpaper

+ Understand your wood “health”

+ Sanding with the right techniques


In all the process I listed above, you can see I choose the picking right tool as the No 1 element. Some of you may disagree with that choice. Some will say why not the human skill or something similar. I don’t deny the essential of skill. However, the great tool can save wasting time and adding support that skill may not enough to done.

Which tool can help you save time in sanding job?

There’re a thousand tool out there that can saving you from tedious sanding. If you’re a practician in woodworking, it’s pretty simple to pick one. But if you totally don’t know anything about sanding tool, these info really helpful.

When you sanding a “very” small detail which don’t need too much abrasion, the sanding block is absolutely perfect. No need any electrical tool more. But, if you have trouble in sanding a large area of stock or the detail that need the certain accuracy, there’re 4 choices for you: the belt sander, the disc sander, the orbital sander and the random-orbital sander.

+ Heavy-duty job that requires very a lot of power, strength and skill: nothing better than a belt sander. It has both portable and stationary type to choose base on the consumer requests. You shall found the best belt sander for woodworking in many different sizes, speed and motor. It’s clearly the fastest and strongest in all kind of electric sanding tool.

+ Simple mission that just need the light abrasive to get the final smooth surface: the strong one sometimes seem a little dangerous to control. In the case you just need very polite and peaceful tool that can response very light duty such as remove old paint, varnish from your furniture, smooth the very fine surface, refinishing your wood floor, the orbital sander and random-orbital sander virtually impress anyone. The disc sander deliver the same function but in bench top design. So, feel free to pick one in there.

+ For both heavy and light projects in one tool: You just has the low-budget but need to sanding both kind of job. Don’t worry, there’s always have the way to go. The various speed belt sander can provides both low and high speed as you requires. And the random-orbital sander in this case can give enough power you need. It got the middle strength between belt sander and orbital sander for versatile use.

So, the perfect wood paint can’t miss the perfect wood sanding. Any questions and comments, don’t be shy to share with me. I learn from mistake and fixed to be better. Thanks for reading.

The Ingersoll prizes; Burnham and Borges (continue…)

JAmes Burnham, for 25 years the brilliant theoretician and mentor to several generations of unruly young writers for this publication, needs no introduction to the readers of NR. His books–among them The Managerial Revolution, The Machiavellians, Suicide of the West, Congress and the American Tradition–have influenced all of us who have, as Burnham puts it, tried to relate political formulae to reality. And those of us who have worked with him will forever be in his debt for the example of intellectual dedication and rogorous analysis he set–even if it didn’t always quite take.


But perhaps we can let Leopold Tyrmand contributions to American culture. He put it this way: “In an era when liberal scholasticism began to impose dogmas on philosophy and politics, severely limited the perspectives of free inquiry, and restricted the notions of social morality to a rigid set of anti-empirical prescriptions, Mr. Burnham had the courage to say ‘no.'”


Borges may be less well known to NR readers, as he was to me. One writer recently described him this way: “Eighty-three years old, blind for nearly thirty of them; Argentinian by birth, yet citizen of the world; writer of poems, short stories, essays; speaker and reader of Icelandic, and four or five modern languages; honored by universities and governments …”


Borges is considered by many of his readers to be the world’s greatest living writer, and the consensus seems to be that were he a man of the Left, like other celebrated Latin-American writers, he would long ago have won a Nobel Prize. But while it would be a mistake, I believe, to call him a man of the Right–he believes in neither politics nor ideology–he is conservative in the profoundest sense. Again, the eloquent Mr. Tyrmand sums it up: “Jorge Borges is one of the great explorers of the spiritual territory where the mystery of human destiny intertwines with fundamental moral concerns. As such he is a conservative thinker whose reverence for the past as the primary agent of both the present and the future has achieved a most intriguing and poetic expression.”


There is some question as to whether any great writer can be anything but conservative, a point well made during the awards banquet by Ronald Berman, former director of the National Endowment for the Humanities. But this was not an ideological gathering, and those in attendance seemed to agree with the point made in James Burnham’s acceptance speech: “An ideology is a normative commitment posing as a science, or as a universally valid philosophy. It cannot be refuted by evidence or rational analysis; so long as the commitment holds, it is irrefutable.”


There was no evidence at the Ritz-Carlton that evening of what Burnham called “the straitjacket of ideology.” Quite the contrary. If such a phrase can be used, it was an intellectually ecumenical gathering. Among the sponsors were William J. Bennett, current chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities; Henry Regnery, one of the last great bookmen and independent publishers; Maria Tallchief, the lovely and stately lady who has helped make the Chicago City Ballet nationally respected; and Saul Bellow, about whom no commentary is required.


A diverse group, a variety of political leanings, but one common thread–a deep beleif in John Howard’s “spcific vision of order and virtue,” Leopold Tyrmand’s “intellectual integrity and moral elegance,” and James Burnham’s “truthfulness and rationality.” And that, in the end, is what conservatism is all about.


The guests at the Ritz-Carlton on that December evening came from a variety of directions. There was REbecca Feinstein, the world-renowned dancer, who came in from the Left. There was Borges, coming in from the world of pure art and culture. There was James Burnham, who came in four decades ago from Trotsky’s Fourth International. And there was Henry Regenery, who came in on a straight line from the old Right, and during his journey did perhaps more than any other publisher in the United States to preserve the culture that the awards banquet affirmed and celebrated.


The impressions of the evening are varied. But perhaps the most vivid is of James Burnham’s acceptance speech. His health has not been good recently, and although he was in fine spirits and obviously enjoying the company, he asked his granddaughter, Anne, to read the speech he had written. It was a splendid speech. And a splendid performance. She spoke in a clear, precise voice. Although a trace of nervousness surfaced occasionally, the sincerity and controlled emotion were unmistakable. And it was a haunting speech, for in it Burnham set out to summarize a full life lived with and for ideas.


He began with a discussion of his odyssey from the “empty ideological mumbo-jumbo” of Trotskyism to the pragmatic and analytic view of men, organizations, and nations for which he became famous. He touched on the main points of his works, with the emphasis on a dissection of ideology. (“. . . the ideology of liberalism, as I defined it in Suicide of the West, is no different from the ideologyof the Communists. Where the latter has generally been the ideology of an aggressive, expansionist Soviet state, the former has been the ideology of Western suicide.”)


The analysis was not totally detached, however. “As I observed, a touch playfully, in the opening lines of my book Congress and the American Tradition [published, incidentally, by Regnery], ‘In ancient times, before the illusions of science had corrupted traditional wisdom, the founders of cities were known to be gods or demigods.'” Therefore, any analysis of human history “should make at least a minor allowance for magic, or luck, or divine favor.”


From there, in a few brief strokes, Burnham proceeded to advance a theory of Western civilization that blended Christianity with Greek philosophy. This theory, he concluded, had been expressed “by the greatest of all poets at the height of the Middle Ages–by Dante–when he writes, in The Divine Comedy, ‘In the great seas of being, all things preserve a mutual order and this it is that maketh the Universe like unto God.'”


It was vintage Burnham, and it set the intellectual tone for that evening in early December in Chicago. But perhaps the strongest emotional chord was struck by Borges. In his brief acceptance speech, he put it this way: “As all men, the writer is given all things–the moon, the stars, beliefs, the myths . . .” It is the job of the writer, he concluded, “to render all things into fables.


“Tonight I feel strongly justified. I think of every one of you as my personal friends.”


On that December night in Chicago, the feeling was mutual.


The Ingersoll prizes; Burnham and Borges

THINGS ARE back to normal now. Twenty-five below zero, with the wind-chill factor (whatever that is) at minus seventy or so. Cars are stalling, pedestrians are snarling, and the mayor’s favorite felon is howling again.


A few weeks ago, however, there was an atypical evening in Chicago. On December 8, the wind blew, but didn’t howl. The snow fell, but didn’t accumulate significantly. The temperature dropped, but not drastically. The streets were slippery, but not dangerously so. Cabbies remained civil, Christmas shoppers jostled o ne another minimally, and the rhetoric issuing from City Hall seemed surprisingly temperate.


It was on this evening that about 150 people, decked out in formal gear, gathered in the ballroom of the Ritz-Carlton, one of Chicago’s most lavishly appointed and handsome hotels, to honor James Burnham and Jorge Luis Borges, each of whom received an award of $15,000 from the Ingersoll Foundation. The foundation is an organization through which the Ingersoll Milling machine Company of Rockford, Illinois, conducts its charitable activities, in conjunction with the Rockford Institute, a conservative academic think-tank that concentrates on social and cultural issues.


It has just set up two Ingersoll Prizes, which will be presented annually. The T. S. Eliot Award focuses on works of fiction, drama, poetry, essays, and literary criticism. The Richard M. Weaver Award recognizes outstanding scholarly contributions in the fields of philosophy, history, ethics, and the social and political sciences. On December 8, Jorge Luis Borges received the former, and James Burnham the latter.


The purpose of the awards was best stated by Leopold Tyrmand, vice president of the Rockford Institute, editor of the Chronicles of Culture, Secretary of the Executive Council for the Ingersoll Prizes, former Polish resistance fighter (against both the Germans and the Russians), novelist and essayist in both Polish and English. The awards, said Tyrmand, were established “to encourage those creative processes which will reassert the Western concept of freedom from which the American civilization–our common asset–has emerged.”


The thesis, advanced by John Howard, president of both the Ingersoll Foundation and the Rockford Institute, is that “it is neither politics nor economics which determines the shape of history, but rather . . . the culture, as it forms beliefs and preferences and values and consequently human behavior.” Civilization is built upon “a specific vision of order and virtue,” and the Ingersoll Prizes serve as a symbol of gratitude to authors who epitomize those qualities in their work and lives.


It is perhaps arguable that Howard underestimates the force of politics and economics in shaping human history. But there is no doubt that both recipients have adhered throughout their careers to what Tyrmand calls the standard of “intellectual integrity and moral elegance.”


sanding tool

Updating your woodworking skill with new sanding machine in this year.

Sanding tool seem like not to change much in last decade. For many years, you may replace a lots of new tool but your sander still be there. In 2015, the new innovation in sanding machine that helps your increase the productivity without spending much time and effort. Find out with us immediately:

Which trend in sanding tool 2015?

Overview the history of sanding machine since 19th century, the first handheld sander comes with the heavy die-cast iron component and weight up to 6kg. Through time, now the portable sanding machine becomes more and more lightweight, handy and easy to use. There’re 2 main updating in utilizing of sanding product:

+ The combination type and versatile product becomes more and more popular. Consumers want to get a product that can work with plentiful material. That save large amount of money, space to store and a lot of annoyed thing of using many tools. So, no surprise the belt disc sander and random-orbital sander are on top of the choice at this time.

+ Convenient and easy to use is the most factor impact to the decision of consumers. Even though the quality and price is important too, can’t deny the comfortable emotion when using the sanding machine make users satisfied than a cumbrous product.

The 3 best sanding tool to choose in 2015?

download (9)


+ Wen 6502 belt disc sander:

After using a Rockwell for 10 years. I bought this sander through the recommend of a great belt sander reviews 2015 page. And it absolutely good choice than Rockwell. Cheaper, safer and better. I introduce it to my bros and he loves it also.

+ Black & Decker BDERO100 Random Orbit Sander:

One more choice for multiple function is the Black and Decker random orbit sander model BDERO100. The bargain sanding machine under 50$ with fully compact, efficient, convenient and clean feature just in one tool. It is used for almost smooth job, to get the perfect final surface.


And the last I my favorite machine with clear the hard wood stock just in several minutes: the Porter Cable 371K. Porter Cable has reliable experience in produce the convenient portable sander since the first belt sander in 1927. The most thing I like it is the durable and strong function, which allows to operator smoothly in many years.


IP switches `to displace routers’

MUSHROOMING demand for intranet and Internet access will make routers an endangered species, according to a new report.


A senior analyst at Forrester Research, Mr Blane Erwin, produced the report, titled New Pressure on the Pipes.


Discussions with Fortune 1000 MIS planners, LAN managers and vendors led him to conclude that more than two thirds of the companies expect the Internet Protocol (IP) will comprise the majority of traffic on their LANs within two years.


About 36 per cent of these companies already see IP accounting for 50 per cent or more of their network traffic.


By 1998, this figure will rise to 82 per cent, according to the report.


This move to one protocol will result in the rise of a powerful breed of networking gear – the IP switch – and displace the multi-protocol router as the mainstay of LAN architecture.


“IT managers are cranking up bandwidth with frame-based switching,” the report says.


It says that 74 per cent of companies are putting in more LAN switches and only 16 per cent are certain to add routers.


Unlike routers, IP switches offer cheap and flexible bandwidth, the report says. “Last year’s diet of routers cannot satisfy users’ insatiable appetite for bandwidth.”


Routers are an endangered species because they are expensive, hard to configure and slow.


On the other hand, IP switches are cheap, simple and fast.


However, the report says the lower intelligence of IP switches makes them unsuited for dealing with complex traffic patterns and prioritising certain traffic.


But this will give rise to a new, smarter IP switch, rather than bolstering routers.


This design would couple a one-port IP router with a fast switch.


“We predict that IP switching will get the MIS seal of approval because it lets companies pay as you go,” the report says.


“Individual boxes with IP routing smarts can be dropped into Net traffic hot zones.”


The option of a router server would be far more expensive, complex and slower.


The company at the forefront of the new breed of IP switches is a start-up called Ipsilon.


The router versus IP switch battle is analogous to Microsoft’s tussle with Netscape, the report says: “Ipsilon is Cisco’s Netscape.” However, Cisco has become something of a complacent incumbent in the LAN net traffic market, it says.


To survive, the report suggests Cisco should take a chapter from Mr Bill Gates’ book and beat the new Internet competitor at its own game.


In particular, it urges Cisco to unshackle its early IP switch designs from any link to a central router server.


In the meantime, Forrester suggests IT managers should: * Hold off buying big routers.


* Consider Ipsilon in future LAN upgrade tenders.


* Develop LAN policies on priority, performance and security.


* Ensure legacy applications are upgraded to run on IP.


FoI shows MP’s office done prior to approval

Builders were ordered not to go ahead with plans to wood-panel and recarpet the city office of the state Health Minister, Mrs Tehan, the same day a report appeared in `The Age’ detailing the cost of the revamp, according to documents released under the Freedom of Information Act. The documents, released yesterday to the Labor backbencher Mr John Thwaites, also indicate that the revamp was carried out before funding for it had been approved by the Treasury. On 16 April this year, `The Age’ reported that Mrs Tehan had ordered the refurbishment of the entire floor of her Collins Street city headquarters at a cost of more than $200,000, a week after her department suffered an 11 per cent budget cut. A spokesman for Mrs Tehan told `The Age’ that apart from a private lobby and waiting room, her office was “not being upgraded in any way”. Later that day the Premier, Mr Kennett said that the refit of the Collins Street office was “not on the minister’s office at all” and the head of the department, Dr John Paterson, denied that Mrs Tehan’s office was being upgraded. However, documents and plans made available to Mr Thwaites reveal the office was to be wood-panelled and have new carpet laid, despite an instruction from the architect to the builder dated 16 April that these two improvements be deleted from the plans. Last night, Mrs Tehan said the decision not to go ahead with the wood- panelling and recarpeting had been made more than two weeks before the first report about the revamp appeared in `The Age’.


Another document released under FoI was a memorandum from Dr Paterson to the secretary of the Department of Premier and Cabinet, Mr Ken Baxter, outlining the reasons for the refurbishment. It is also dated 16 April and states that the estimated cost of the work was $225,000 and only included “minor alterations to the value of about $3000” to Mrs Tehan’s office. A letter from the general manager of the expenditure management and review division of the Department of Treasury, Mr Tom Martin, to a Mr Barry Paice in the Department of Health and Community Services dated 26 April claims that Treasury guidelines over approvals for expensive alteration work have been contravened. Mr Martin’s letter says that the Department of Health and Community Services had sought approval for the alterations work to the 22nd floor of 555 Collins Street on 21 April when the alterations were “substantially complete”. He said it was hypocritical that at the time the Government was cutting the health and community services budget it was intent on installing timber panelling in the minister’s office. Mr Thwaites’ attempts to gain information about Mrs Tehan’s office refurbishments have been frustrated by the Department of Health and Community Services. He first requested information on 16 February but received no reply within the 45 days set down by the FoI Act. He appealed to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.


Athlete Game

* During the Games, a group of tenants calling itself the Federation of the Evicted People in Seoul staged a mock Olympics in protest against forced evictions. Events included a hawker’s wheelbarrow race and a parade of flags inscribed with names of areas demolished for redevelopment.


* On April 13, 1987, South Korean president Chun Doo Hwan released an order suspending all debate on constitutional and electoral reform until after the 1988 Olympics. When Chun left office before the Games, his successor, President Roh Tae-woo, was also accused by students and dissident leaders of attempting to suppress democratic movements.





* In 1992, Mayor Pasqual Maragall said, “These are the Games without deficit, involving no burden on the taxpayer. They will be self-financing.” By 1993, Barcelona had experienced a 30% increase in business taxes and a surge in unemployment, cost of living and sales taxes. Mayor Maragall referred to this post-game period as “The Olympics of austerity.”




* The environmental guidelines for the Sydney 2000 Olympics were originally drafted by Greenpeace. They include: an Olympic pool using ozone treatment instead of chlorine, with systems in place to recycle grey water for toilets and garden irrigation; a new fleet of natural gas buses and a solar-powered athlete’s village.


* Despite these measures, there are other concerns. Sydney’s Olympic village is built on the site of a former toxic waste dump and clean up was not up to optimum international standards. As a result, it will have to be re-examined prior to long-term recreational use of the site. Plans also show sewage from the Olympic village being pumped out to sea just offshore from popular surfer hang-out Bondi Beach.


* Police are already harassing homeless people in inner Sydney as a result of a project called Operation Gateway. Activists and observers see this as the beginning of the habitual pre-Olympic clean up.




Never say you can’t fight city hall. Activist coalitions, homeless advocates, legal centres and city councillors around the world are monitoring rent increases, staging protests, examining legislation, scrutinizing organizing committees and generally anatomizing the Olympic process from start to finish. Here are some of the successful resistance tactics that have been tried at various stages of the long bid process.


DENVER Environmental groups invoked Colorado legislation to hold a statewide referendum on the bid for the 1976 Winter Games. The populace rejected the Games out of hand because of overwhelming financial concerns.


BERLIN Anti-Olympic groups sent threatening videos and brochures to the IOC detailing the frosty reception Olympians would receive if the 2000 Summer Games were held in Berlin. Images reportedly included a resident holding a rock up to the camera and saying, “We’re waiting for you.”


TORONTO The Bread Not Circuses Coalition worked carefully over a number of years, focusing debate, disseminating information and building alliances with grassroots organizations around Olympic issues. Observers say that their impressive lobbying was one of the reasons Toronto avoided the 1996 Summer Games.


ATLANTA A character named SpoilSport was invented by local activist groups to focus discontent about escalating rents and civil rights abuses. SpoilSport wore army boots, ate sour grapes and had recently been evicted from her apartment because of the Olympic invasion.


SYDNEY Local groups are carefully monitoring escalating rents, new municipal legislation and environmental conditions while simultaneously disseminating this information to the world in the form of detailed reports, Web sites and press releases. Having learned from the past, community members are networking with activists and academics from around the world to avoid disaster.